Cell Signalling and DNA Structure MCQ (Bio Chemistry)

Cell Signalling and DNA Structure MCQ (Bio Chemistry)

  • Anyone who wants to learn Bio Chemistry
  • Advanced Bio Chemistry
  • Cell Signalling and Transduction
  • DNA Structure and Replication

Included in this course
Practice Tests
135 questions
Cell Signalling and Transduction MCQ Practice Questions-1
32 questions
DNA Structure and Replication MCQ Practice Questions-2
40 questions
DNA Structure and Replication MCQ Practice Questions-3
40 questions
DNA Structure and Replication MCQ Practice Questions-4
23 questions

Signal transduction is the process by which a chemical or physical signal is transmitted through a cell as a series of molecular events, most commonly protein phosphorylation catalyzed by protein kinases, which ultimately results in a cellular response. Proteins responsible for detecting stimuli are generally termed receptors, although in some cases the term sensor is used. The changes elicited by ligand binding (or signal sensing) in a receptor give rise to a biochemical cascade, which is a chain of biochemical events known as a signaling pathway

When signaling pathways interact with one another they form networks, which allow cellular responses to be coordinated, often by combinatorial signaling events. At the molecular level, such responses include changes in the transcription or translation of genes, and post-translational and conformational changes in proteins, as well as changes in their location. These molecular events are the basic mechanisms controlling cell growth, proliferation, metabolism and many other processes. In multicellular organisms, signal transduction pathways regulate cell communication in a wide variety of ways

In molecular biology, DNA replication is the biological process of producing two identical replicas of DNA from one original DNA molecule. DNA replication occurs in all living organisms acting as the basis for biological inheritance. The cell possesses the distinctive property of division, which makes replication of DNA essential

DNA is made up of a double helix of two complementary strands. During replication, these strands are separated. Each strand of the original DNA molecule then serves as a template for the production of its counterpart, a process referred to as semiconservative replication. As a result of semi-conservative replication, the new helix will be composed of an original DNA strand as well as a newly synthesized strand. Cellular proofreading and error-checking mechanisms ensure near perfect fidelity for DNA replication

In a cell, DNA replication begins at specific locations, or origins of replication, in the genome. Unwinding of DNA at the origin and synthesis of new strands, accommodated by an enzyme known as helicase, results in replication forks growing bi-directionally from the origin. A number of proteins are associated with the replication fork to help in the initiation and continuation of DNA synthesis. Most prominently, DNA polymerase synthesizes the new strands by adding nucleotides that complement each (template) strand. DNA replication occurs during the S-stage of interphase

DNA replication (DNA amplification) can also be performed in vitro (artificially, outside a cell). DNA polymerases isolated from cells and artificial DNA primers can be used to start DNA synthesis at known sequences in a template DNA molecule. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR), ligase chain reaction (LCR), and transcription-mediated amplification (TMA) are examples

These questions will give you basic idea for Examination Preparation and/or interview on Cell Signalling, transduction and DNA Structure and Replication.

Please Note:

  1. These questions are only for practice and understanding level of knowledge only. It is not necessary that these questions may or may not appear for examinations and/or interview questions
  2. In this practice test, because of large amount of questions (around 135 questions) some of questions may have repeated
  3. I had to put as 70% pass rate because there may also be wrong answers from my side
Who this course is for:
  • Bio Chemistry
  • Cell Signalling and Transduction
  • DNA Structure and Replication

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top